In its most basic definition, to sample means to copy or cut and paste.
“Sampling as an act is basically what takes place in any form of mechanical recording —whether one copies, by taking a photograph, or cuts, by taking a part of an object or subject, such as cutting part of a leaf to study under a microscope.” (Navas, 2012, p12)
As part of the remix, the sample is generally a copy-paste exercise. It is “the act of taking not from the world, but an archive of representation of the world”. (Navas, 2012, p12)