A family tree of human classification
Which groups are talked about? The first step of archiving this data by analyzing classification, should be seen as a typology, or the study of types. A typology is the result of the classification of things according to their physical characteristics. From this perspective, the research focuses on an ‘objectified’1 and quantified categorization of the collection through metadata. This typology aims to understand and clarify the ruling classification that are in play; it not only specifies which groups are signified by De Volkskrant and how these groups are labelled, but also the number of times they are talked about.
A family tree of human classification’ is the result of this first analysis shows the typology I designed of the groups that are defined through the 464 pieces of data by De Volkskrant. Here I chose to let the system of classification follow the traditional lines of color, nationality, ethnicity, geography, direction, religion, gender, sexual preferences, age and class. I also chose to avoid intersectionality, which is debatable as it has a lot of consequences for the data. Take for example this image of a ‘Moroccan-Dutch’ ‘Muslim’ ‘Man’ that celebrates his ‘Homosexuality’ was cast into the group ‘Homo’, that is part of the classification of ‘Sexual Orientation’. I made this executive decision to force myself to designate the prevailing classification (in this case: ‘Homo’) and not have any doublings. By being so rigid it also undermines the complexity of the power relations I am researching. At the same time it shows the flaws in the design of a system that demands us –as humans- to chose sides and forces labels upon us, while we are much more complex than that.
1. With the word objectified I like to emphasize that even though the activity of categorising aims to be as neutral as possible, but can not be seen as objective. Subjectivity plays a role on many levels. First in the daily selection of one article over another. Second, in selecting a particular word from the article which becomes the title of a group (if I had chosen another word the same data would be part of another group and would tell another story). And third: by placing it into these classifications it becomes part of an existing discours that sees these groups through this lens of difference.