Stereotypes

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“Stereotyping reduces people to a few, simple, essential characteristics as fixed by Nature” (Hall, 2003, p.257). Stereotypes get hold of the ‘type’ and reduce everything about this person to those traits, exaggerate and simplify them, and fix them without change or development to eternity. But stereotypes not only reduce people to a few fixed, simple and essential characteristics, but they also connect the ‘real’ to the imagined. Hall: “The other half —the deeper meaning— lies in what is not being said, but is being fantasized, what is implied but cannot be shown.” (Hall, 1997, p.263)

Stereotypes

The Mammy

The Mammy

The Mammy is “so closely related to the comic coons that she is usually relegated to their ranks. Mammy is distinguished, however, by her sex and her fierce independence. She is usually big, fat, and cantankerous. 

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Stereotypes

Black stereotypes

Becky

Stereotypes

Beyoncé’s “Becky With the Good Hair”

…“The inference is that “Becky” has desirable, sleek hair, while Beyoncé has a naturally curly texture under the wigs and without hot tools. It sheds light on an overall picture when it comes to how black coarse hair is perceived, since the former is “good” and the latter is assumed to be the opposite.”

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Becky

Stereotypes

The complete history of ‘Becky with the good hair,’ from the 1700s to ‘Lemonade’ — Fusion

Even if she’s referring to another woman of color, “to critique her as a Becky is more than just like, ‘You’re a cheater.’” The insult cuts far deeper, she says: “It re-encodes her as a white Becky.” — Rebecca Kinney

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Becky

Stereotypes

Hollywood’s Becky: 7 Famous ‘Beckys’ Who Really Do Have Great Hair

Stereotypes

‘Becky with the good hair’ (Beyoncé – SORRY) | Genius Lyrics

Stereotypes

Johan Derksen’s Moroccan problem in Dutch soccer

Stereotypes

Johan Derksen’s problem with Moroccan

‘Er zijn heel wat clubs naar de klote gegaan omdat ze toevallig het veld hebben liggen bij een wijk waar veel Marokkaanse gezinnen wonen. Dan krijgen Marokkaanse jongens de overhand in de selectie, dat functioneert haast nergens.’ — Johan Derksen in Voetbal Inside

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Stereotypes

White people

Curacoa’s Macamba

“Macamba’s in het algemeen zijn vreemdelingen, vooral hollanders die pas uit patria zijn gekomen […] “Macamba is de scheldnaam voor volbloed Hollanders en beteekent […] moddervoet.” — M.D. Latour

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Stereotypes

‘Negrophilia’

“Een flink deel van [de tentoonstelling] Black is beautiful is gewijd aan Negrophilia – liefde voor de zwarte cultuur – die in de jaren twintig in Parijs ontstond en later ook in Nederland werd opgepikt. ”

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