“Stereotyping reduces people to a few, simple, essential characteristics as fixed by Nature” (Hall, 2003, p.257). Stereotypes get hold of the ‘type’ and reduce everything about this person to those traits, exaggerate and simplify them, and fix them without change or development to eternity. But stereotypes not only reduce people to a few fixed, simple and essential characteristics, but they also connect the ‘real’ to the imagined. Hall: “The other half —the deeper meaning— lies in what is not being said, but is being fantasized, what is implied but cannot be shown.” (Hall, 1997, p.263)
The Mammy is “so closely related to the comic coons that she is usually relegated to their ranks. Mammy is distinguished, however, by her sex and her fierce independence. She is usually big, fat, and cantankerous.
— Donald Bogle, 2001
…“The inference is that “Becky” has desirable, sleek hair, while Beyoncé has a naturally curly texture under the wigs and without hot tools. It sheds light on an overall picture when it comes to how black coarse hair is perceived, since the former is “good” and the latter is assumed to be the opposite.”
“Even if she’s referring to another woman of color, “to critique her as a Becky is more than just like, ‘You’re a cheater.’” The insult cuts far deeper, she says: “It re-encodes her as a white Becky.”
— Rebecca Kinney
‘Er zijn heel wat clubs naar de klote gegaan omdat ze toevallig het veld hebben liggen bij een wijk waar veel Marokkaanse gezinnen wonen. Dan krijgen Marokkaanse jongens de overhand in de selectie, dat functioneert haast nergens.’
— Johan Derksen in Voetbal Inside