Stereotypes

About

“Stereotyping reduces people to a few, simple, essential characteristics as fixed by Nature” (Hall, 2003, p.257). Stereotypes get hold of the ‘type’ and reduce everything about this person to those traits, exaggerate and simplify them, and fix them without change or development to eternity. But stereotypes not only reduce people to a few fixed, simple and essential characteristics, but they also connect the ‘real’ to the imagined. Hall: “The other half —the deeper meaning— lies in what is not being said, but is being fantasized, what is implied but cannot be shown.” (Hall, 1997, p.263)

Stereotypes

The Mammy

The Mammy

The Mammy is “so closely related to the comic coons that she is usually relegated to their ranks. Mammy is distinguished, however, by her sex and her fierce independence. She is usually big, fat, and cantankerous.
— Donald Bogle, 2001

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Stereotypes

Black stereotypes

Becky

Stereotypes

White people

Yeni López Sleidi and Em Gee’s “Authentic Caucasians” costumes

Becky

Butt

Stereotypes

Sir Mix A Lot’s ‘Becky’

Sir Mix-a-lot: Baby got back (1992)

Stereotypes

White people

Rutte’s ‘Tokkie’

Becky

Stereotypes

Beyoncé’s “Becky With the Good Hair”

…“The inference is that “Becky” has desirable, sleek hair, while Beyoncé has a naturally curly texture under the wigs and without hot tools. It sheds light on an overall picture when it comes to how black coarse hair is perceived, since the former is “good” and the latter is assumed to be the opposite.”

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Becky

Stereotypes

Beyoncé’s ‘Becky with the good hair’

“Even if she’s referring to another woman of color, “to critique her as a Becky is more than just like, ‘You’re a cheater.’” The insult cuts far deeper, she says: “It re-encodes her as a white Becky.”
— Rebecca Kinney

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Becky

Stereotypes

Hollywood’s Becky: 7 Famous ‘Beckys’ Who Really Do Have Great Hair

Julia Stiles as Becky from A Guy Thing. (Image Courtesy of Paramount)

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Becky

Stereotypes

Taylor Swift’s Becky

In 2014 Taylor Swift wore a “no its becky” T-shirt as a reaction to the meme. (Credit: Splash News Online)

Stereotypes

‘Becky with the good hair’ (Beyoncé – SORRY) | Genius Lyrics

Black face, White wash

Stereotypes

Snapchat’s Bob Marley filter

Snapchat's Bob Marley filter

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Stereotypes

Johan Derksen’s Moroccan problem in Dutch soccer

Stereotypes

Johan Derksen’s problem with Moroccan

‘Er zijn heel wat clubs naar de klote gegaan omdat ze toevallig het veld hebben liggen bij een wijk waar veel Marokkaanse gezinnen wonen. Dan krijgen Marokkaanse jongens de overhand in de selectie, dat functioneert haast nergens.’
— Johan Derksen in Voetbal Inside

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Black face, White wash

Stereotypes

Washing the Blackamoor White

Pears soap advert based on the fable Washing the Blackamoor white, published in the Graphic for Christmas 1884 Source: wikipedia

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Re-mix

Stereotypes

Bomani Jones’ Caucasians T Shirt

Black face, White wash

Blackface as a protest against racism

Uit protest tegen een incident waarbij twee Soedanese vluchtelingen en ploeggenoten uitgescholden en geslagen zijn, ging de hele selectie van Deinster zwart geschminkt op de foto.

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Butt

Stereotypes

Ellen DeGeneres’ skit on Nicki Minaj’s butt

Stereotypes

White people

Curacoa’s Macamba

“Macamba’s in het algemeen zijn vreemdelingen, vooral hollanders die pas uit patria zijn gekomen […] “Macamba is de scheldnaam voor volbloed Hollanders en beteekent […] moddervoet.” — M.D. Latour

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Encyclopedia of —isms

N

Stereotypes

‘Negrophilia’

“Een flink deel van [de tentoonstelling] Black is beautiful is gewijd aan Negrophilia – liefde voor de zwarte cultuur – die in de jaren twintig in Parijs ontstond en later ook in Nederland werd opgepikt. ”
— De Volkskrant

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Bounty

Race-ism

Geel van buiten en wit van binnen; Etnische Zakenvrouw van het Jaar — Den Haag FM

Over Anchou Zhang zegt de jury onder meer “een banaan die heel goed geïntegreerd is, geel van buiten en wit van binnen”, “de mens staat bij Anchou centraal” en “een ondernemer met winnaarsmentaliteit.”

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Butt

Stereotypes

Meghan Trainor’s “bass”

Stereotypes

De Efteling’s “Monsieur Cannibale”

Black face, White wash

Reversing the stereotype

The construct of race

French TV-Experiment Dans la peau d’une noir

A black family's transformation into a white family by professional make up.

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Stereotypes

White people

Yannis Pitsiladis’ “White men can run”

Stereotypes

New York Post’s Monkey