classification

Encyclopedia of —isms

R

Representation (System of…)

…“the relation between ‘things’, concepts and signs lies at the heart of the production of meaning in language. The process which links these three elements together is what we call ‘representation’.” 
—Stuart Hall

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Encyclopedia of —isms

I

Intersectionality

Intersectionality is ‘a mode of thinking that intersects identities and systems of social oppression and domination’.

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5 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

2015 — Five tribes of youth in Amsterdam

1. Creatives
2. Fraturnity members
3. Ajax-fans
4. HipHop-fans
5. Foreign students

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Research on Research

The need for a critical approach to Critical and Speculative Design

…”So answering [designer James] Auger’s pressing question — “What is this obsession with class systems?” —, well: we are obsessed with class systems because we can’t help it. Because, in contrast to most of the practitioners in the field of [Speculative and Critical Design], we do not have the privilege of not thinking about issues of race, class and gender.”

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3 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1962 — Classification of Mankind by Color of Skin

Designed by H.J. Fleure (in Bartholomew's Atlas)

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Incomplete timeline of human classification

Multiple categories

1961 — Nine Regions

Designed by Stanley Marion Garn, human biologist

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Incomplete timeline of human classification

Multiple categories

1940 — Human Skin Color Distribution

designed by Italian geographer Renato Biasutti, which was based on von Luschan's chromatic scale

5 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1920 — Distribution of the Primary Races

Designed by Theodore Lothrop Stoddard, American historian, journalist, eugenicist, Klansman, political and racial theorist.

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5 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1912 — The Races of Mankind about 1500

designer unknown. Published by George Philip & Son Ltd., London

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Incomplete timeline of human classification

Multiple categories

1896 — Color of Skin after G. Gerland

designed by W.Z.R. Fecit after G. Gerland

Incomplete timeline of human classification

Multiple categories

1893 — Principal Types of Mankind (after Huxley)

Designed by The Jonas Brother (after Thomas Henry Huxley, biologist)

3 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1891 — The Races of Mankind Before European Expansion

designer unknown. Publish by Charles Scribner's Sons

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3 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1890 — Etnographische Karte Verbreitung der Menschenrassen

5 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1880 — Menschenrassen

published by Brockhaus' Conversations-Lexikon

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3 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1796 — Europe supported by Africa and America

2 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

1785 — The Outline of History of Mankind

Incomplete timeline of human classification

Multiple categories

1758 — Geographical varieties of Homo Sapiens

Linnaeus' classificatory system as described in ‘Systema Naturae’ (visualisation Mark Mulder): where geographical varieties is related to behaviour.

3 categories

Incomplete timeline of human classification

623 — Sons of Noah

Designed by Christian Church (Old Testament)

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