Encyclopediaof—isms

About

“All the things you always wanted to know about cultural diversity but were afraid to ask.”

The realm of cultural diversity is fueled with concepts, definitions and theories that are complex, ambiguous and delicate. The ‘Encyclopedia of —isms’ is an effort to explain some of these terminologies.

Do you miss some —Isms? Or want to add, remark or comment on one or more? Please feel to mail us with suggestions.

D

Encyclopedia of —isms

Discours (or discursive)

Slide from lecture "Visual culture, Identity and Design" by Nana Adusei-Poku on March 19, 2015

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C

Encyclopedia of —isms

Cultural Diversity

Handout made in collaboration with Teana Boston-Mammah and Jan van Heemst for the project on Cultural Diversity Q7/8 as part of the Social Practice of the Willem de Kooning Academy

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Encyclopedia of —isms

Q

Queer

…“used to frighten me but now ‘for me to use the word queer is a liberation’’’
— Derek Jarman

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B

Encyclopedia of —isms

‘Blank’ (a Dutch word)

means ‘pure’, ‘clean’, ‘fair’ ‘non-tainted’, ‘unwritten’ and ‘beautiful’.

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I

Identity politics

Identity (construct of…)

“Now part of what”…“I see as the problem is the idea of anybody’s having to fight the fragmentation and multicultural diversity of the world, not to mention outright oppression, by constructing something so rigid as an identity, an identity in which there has to be a fixed and immobile core, a core that is structured to hold inviolate such a complete biological fantasy as race— whether white or black”  —Samuel R. Delany, interviewed by Mark Dery, 1994

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Encyclopedia of —isms

W

White fragility, supremacy, privilege

Cartoon: Sigmund by Peter de Wit, De volkskrant, 05.05.2017 p V23

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A

Encyclopedia of —isms

Archive (Cultural)

a concept of Edward Said which “foregrounds the centrality of imperialisme to Western culture. The cultural archive has influenced historical cultural configurations and current dominant and cherished self-representations and culture.”
—Gloria Wekker

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Encyclopedia of —isms

S

Stereotype

“The other half —the deeper meaning— lies in what is not being said, but is being fantasized, what is implied but cannot be shown.”
—Stuart Hall

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Encyclopedia of —isms

R

Representation (System of…)

…“the relation between ‘things’, concepts and signs lies at the heart of the production of meaning in language. The process which links these three elements together is what we call ‘representation’.” 
—Stuart Hall

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Encyclopedia of —isms

L

Language

“When we look at culture from the perspective of a practice of giving meaning, than language is the tool to give meaning with.”
—Stuart Hall

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D

Encyclopedia of —isms

Dichotomy

A dichotomy means a division into two parts that are exclusive opposed or contradictory: an object can be either one or the other, not both nor neither.

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C

Encyclopedia of —isms

Culture

Culture is the activity of giving meaning to objects, events and people. This activity depends on the participants of this culture.

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Encyclopedia of —isms

I

Intersectionality

Intersectionality is ‘a mode of thinking that intersects identities and systems of social oppression and domination’.

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Encyclopedia of —isms

T

Typology

A typology is the result of the classification of things according to their physical characteristics.

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D

Encyclopedia of —isms

Dialogic

“Representation functions less like a model of a one-way transmitter and more like the model of a dialogue —it is, they say, dialogic. What sustains this ‘dialogue’ is the presence of shared cultural codes, which cannot guarantee that meaning will remain stable forever.”
—Stuart Hall

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Encyclopedia of —isms

P

Postracialism

“Anyone who thinks we move in a post-racial society is someone who’s been smoking crack” – Spike Lee, 2009

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Encyclopedia of —isms

P

Pluralisme (cultuur)

Ieder individu wordt voortdurend gevormd door de (culturele) contexten en groepen waarin h/zij opgroeit.

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Encyclopedia of —isms

R

Relativisme (Cultuur)

Bij het relativisme wordt het oordeel over een ander uitgesteld.

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A

Encyclopedia of —isms

Absolutisme (cultuur)

Bij cultuurabsolutisme ziet men de eigen cultuur als superieur.

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1001 streams of blackness

C

Encyclopedia of —isms

Creolization

Originally associated with cultural mixtures of African, European, and indigenous ancestry, today, creolization refers to this mixture of different people and different cultures that merge to become one.

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Encyclopedia of —isms

N

New Black

“I’m tired of being labeled. I’m an American. I’m not an African-American.”… “I’m an American. And that’s a colorless person”.
— Raven-Symoné

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1001 streams of blackness

B

Encyclopedia of —isms

Black vs black

“I write “Black” with a capital B because this term addresses first and foremost political and historical dimensions of the concept of Blackness, and relates only indirectly to skin complexion.”
— Adusei-Poku

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Encyclopedia of —isms

P

Post-black

“When it comes to defending Barack against the charge that he’s not Black enough, I tell folk, ‘Well, I’ve know him for over fifteen years, and what I’ve noticed is that he’s proud of his race, but that doesn’t capture the range of his identity. He’s rooted in, but not restricted by his Blackness'”
— Michael Eric Dyson in the forword of “Who’s afraid of Post-Blackness” by Touré.

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Encyclopedia of —isms

N

Stereotypes

‘Negrophilia’

“Een flink deel van [de tentoonstelling] Black is beautiful is gewijd aan Negrophilia – liefde voor de zwarte cultuur – die in de jaren twintig in Parijs ontstond en later ook in Nederland werd opgepikt. ”
— De Volkskrant

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H

Reading stuff

Hermeneutiek

Hermeneutiek onderzoekt de voorwaarden waaronder het verstaan van (de betekenis van) menselijke uitingen mogelijk is.
—Van den Bersselaar, 2011, p104

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C

Encyclopedia of —isms

Institutional Racism

Colourblind

Advocates for colourblindness have ended up closing their eyes to racism, especially the covert kind.

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A

Encyclopedia of —isms

Reading stuff

Afrofuturism (Black to the future)

Afrofuturism is a “Speculative fiction that treats African-American themes and addresses African-American concerns in the context of twentieth-century technoculture—and, more generally, African American signification that appropriates images of technology and a prothetically enhanced future”.
— Mark Dery, 1994, p 180

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E

Encyclopedia of —isms

S

Eclecticisn (a.k.a. Syncretism)

Syncretism is the combining of different, often seemingly contradictory beliefs, while melding practices of various schools of thought.

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E

Tools & Methods

Ethnography

An ethnography is a means to represent graphically and in writing, the culture of a group.

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C

Tools & Methods

Contextmapping

Contextmapping is to map the experience of the user and his context.

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Encyclopedia of —isms

R

Re-mix

Remix (Re-edit)

a non-linear re-interpretation of a given work or media […] combining fragments of various works.

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