Visual Identity Politics and Remix Society


A Panther’s Legacy: How the Panther’s visual rhetoric remains part of our pop.cultural imagination

This post is in a constant state of progress.

Patta Military Beret (Black)

Patta is a Dutch streetwear brand. Patta is slang for shoe“For the Patta Spring Summer 2021 headwear release, we have designed a range of functional head pieces in a variety of everyday colours as well as patterns that are seen throughout the rest of our inline collection. Fabricated in wool mix with a faux leather band and adjustable fabric band at the rear, the Patta Military Beret comes in a traditional military beret fit. For branding, a golden Patta Script Logo metal applique is stitched to the front of the piece.” (

Elaine Brown

In a YouTube-video that was posted on April 15th by Insider, Elaine Brown —the acting chair of the Black Panther Party from 1974 to 1977— discusses the accuracy of the portrayal of the Black Panther Party in films such as “Judas and the Black Messiah” (2021), “Forrest Gump” (1994), and “The Butler” (2013). Brown has personal connections to Seale, Fred Hampton, and Jean Seberg, and she comments on their depictions in “Panther” (1995), “The Trial of the Chicago 7” (2020), and “Seberg” (2019).

Da 5 Bloods

Da 5 Bloods (2020), a movie by Spike Lee that was released on June 12, 2020 via Netflix, explores the history of Black soldiers who fought for the U.S. in the Vietnam War. Gravillis Inc. who worked with Lee on the marketing of Da 5 Bloods, invited Emory Douglas, to collaborate on a poster for Da 5 Bloods based on his September 1969 artwork of the crying soldier.

Anti-racism protest @ Nelson MandelaPark, Amsterdam

The anti-racism demonstration on June 10th at Nelson Mandela Park in Bijlmer, Amsterdam, drew more than 10.000 participants. Among them this three protesters: all three are wearing black (leather) clothes with one of them wearing a baret. All raising their fist in the Black Power salut.

Actors dressed as Black Panther @ BLM-Protest

On June 3, during a Black Lives Matter protest in Decatur, Georgia (USA), a group of protesters drew the attention of the press. According to The Atlanta Journal-Constitution “They said they were Black Panthers, and they looked the part with all-black attire and black berets adorned with a cat-head patch. Their leader was a tall, thin black woman armed with an assault rifle and a determined look.” The English newspaper The Daily Mail headlined a report: “Armed female Black Panther leads her comrades including a white recruit on a march through Georgia”. The group that was at first wrongly identified as New Black Panthers (which is seen as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center), said they are actually part of the Black Panthers Revolutionaries Atlanta Chapter,  “the newest Black Panther Party here in Atlanta.” An article in exposed the group as ‘Actors Dressed as Black Panthers’, who are in no way affiliated with the orginal Black Panther Party of the New Black Panther. ““Nobody was paid” to wear the faux-Black Panther outfits or attend any of the protests.” Michael Pierino Miller, one white man in the group, made sure. Another member of the group, Spiike G, apologised to the original Black Panther Party “for using [Black Panther imagery] and to my people for going about it the wrong way,” […] “We wanted to uphold the ideas and views as the OG’s so we threw in [Black Panther]. He said he “wanted to be a symbol of hope” for protesters. “It wasn’t for fun or anything like that.”

Seun Kuti & Egypt 80: Black Times

Found on “Matt Thame of Studio Auto, Strut Records designer, also wanted to move away from [Lemi] Ghariokwu’s style in his cover for Seun Kuti & Egypt 80’s 2018 Black Times. Instead, the cover image referenced both the Black Panthers and police photofits: “Lemi’s approach was perfect for the Fela artwork of the time,” says Thame, “and while his work had a strong socio-political message as well, this was a fresh new release, and so deserved to stand out from previous artwork — it needed to capture the feel and direct power of the Black revolutionary.””

The New Face of the NRA — CH Shorts

In the short clip ‘The New Face of the NRA‘ from 2018, College Humor ridicules the double standard of the NRA (National Rifle Association) regarding the right for every American to bear arms. This reminds us of the Mumford Act and the Sacramento demonstration of May 2nd, 1967. The black character is wearing the Black Panther attire: black beret, black leather jacker and black turtleneck and bandolier. Watch the clip here.

A rare sighting of ‘Black Panthers’ in The Netherlands

In late November 2015, a parade of black-face caricatures named Black Pete, encountered a small group of anti-blackface protesters. A small selection of these protesters were dressed in black uniforms and berets, with raised fist, were chanting anti-Black Pete slogans. According to Hans Visser, president of the local shop owners association, this “immediately led to a fearful and threatening sphere.”

This event eventually resulted in questions in parliament by the right-wing party PVV calling the Black Panther Party a “murderous and totalitarian cult”, and an “organization that excels in anti-white racism” with “prominent leaders (e.g. Eldridge Cleaver and Huey Newton) who are hard-boiled criminals, responsible for rape and assault?”.  ‘Gelijkwaardigheid Begint Nu’ (Equality Now), the organisation that led the anti-Black Pete demonstration, has announced that it does not appreciate the stigmatization. “We kindly ask you not to portray the demonstrators as dangerous and scary and to ask yourself whether you would have these thoughts if these were white young men with the same attire”.

“Sorry I had a fight in the middle of your Black Panther Party” — Forrest Gump

1994 Hollywood blockbuster ‘Forrest Gump’ tells the story of an Alabama man with an IQ of 75, whose only desire is to be reunited with his childhood sweetheart against the backdrop of historical events that shaped the 60s and 70s of the US. One of the scenes features Forrest beating up ‘Jenny’s’ abusive white boyfriend in the setting of a Black Panther Party Headquarter, complete with posters of Guevara, Newton, Seal and artwork by Emory Douglas. See the clip here.

Black separatist New Black Panthers

The New Black Panther Party (NBPP) is a U.S.-based black nationalist organization founded in Dallas, Texas, in 1989. Despite its name, the NBPP is not an official successor to the Black Panther Party. Members of the original Black Panther Party have insisted that the newer party is not legitimate and “there is no new Black Panther Party”. (wikipedia)

The Diggers

During the active political life of the Black Panther Party, the act remixing their visual language and message was already en vogue. An inspiring example of the cut-and-paste method is “Huey Must Be Set Free“, found on page 23 of The Digger Papers, a collective en give-away publication by the Diggers in August 1968. “The Diggers were one of the legendary groups in San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury, one of the world-wide epicenters of the Sixties Counterculture which fundamentally changed American and world culture. […] The San Francisco Diggers evolved out of two Radical traditions that thrived in the SF Bay Area in the mid-1960s: the bohemian/underground art/theater scene, and the New Left/civil rights/peace movement. […] The Diggers combined street theater, anarcho-direct action, and art happenings in their social agenda of creating a Free City.” (more at